Situation: Ph.D. | Host university:Civil and Environmental Engineering Department, School of Architecture, University of Udine, IT | Supervisor: Christina Conti
In the last 20 years, under the pressure of the global economy, some underdeveloped countries have seen a rapid economic growth and have become active players on the international stage. Access to new technologies and availability of resources have allowed them to compete with western countries, still rich but with a steadily declining birth rate.
Thanks to low cost manpower and little restrictive regulations concerning labor and environmental protection, these countries are the spokesperson for a new form of economy.
These new democratic countries must also take into account the investments in the poor neighborhoods and slums and consider the needs of social cohesion in the regional/urban planning.
The South African Town Ships were not born due to the phenomena of illegal immigration, poverty or unemployment, as is the case of South American slums, but due to racial strategies very close to slavery.
KHAYELITSHA TOWNSHIP: A LABORATORY FOR URBAN PRAGMATISM. STRATEGIES OF DENSITY
The intervention strategies can not be applied through a tabula rasa of the existing slums, as it would be economically unsustainable to remove all inhabitants.
These segregation areas are located away from city centers, because during the apartheid the government’s policy did not tolerate the presence of non-white people in the center, except as labor force.
This condition has totally marginalized the black populations, but it has also forced the government to improve the pheriphery, providing it with infrastructures. These areas are well served both by public transport system (rail) and road system.